The public sector is now made up of a larger proportion of higher skilled jobs; this has seen a strong shift since 2002 when the skill sets between public and private sectors were much more alike. This is probably due to the fact that the public sector has been gradually outsourcing some jobs (such as cleaning) to the private sector.
The gap between lowest and highest paid earners is higher in the private sector – the top 5% of earners are paid around 5.6 times as much per hour than the bottom 5%. This gap is 4.6 times in the public sector.
- Private sector workers have a longer average week, at 33.4 hours, compared with the public sector’s average of 30.7 hours.